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1980John Lennon is shot to death outside his home, the Dakota, in New York City, at age 40. He was returning to his apartment building from a recording session, with his wife, Yoko Ono. Lennon was shot in his chest, back, and left arm and was pronounced dead 30 minutes later at 11:07 p.m. The killer was Mark David Chapman: earlier in the day, Lennon had autographed an album for Chapman outside the Dakota. As a member of The Beatles, Lennon was one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, and beyond.
BC 65Poet and Roman soldier, Horace, is born Quintus Horatius Flaccus in Venusia, Italy, Roman Republic. The rhetorician Quintillian regarded his Odes as just about the only Latin lyrics worth reading. Horace also crafted elegant hexameter verses and caustic iambic poetry.
395Later Yan is defeated by its former vassal, Northern Wei, at the Battle of Canhe Slope.
757Du Fu returns to Chang'an as a member of Emperor Xuanzong's court, after having escaped the city during the An Lushan Rebellion.
855Drogo of Metz, the illegitimate son of Charlemagne, dies after falling into the River Oignon, at Himeriacum, Bourgogne, at age 54. Drogos mother, Regina, was one of four concubines taken by Charlemagne in 800, after the death of his Alemannian wife who had borne him no children.
877Louis the Stammerer (son of Charles the Bald) is crowned king of the West Frankish Kingdom at Compiègne.
899Arnulf of Carinthia dies in Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany, at age 49.
1418Queen Jeonghui is born in Hongcheon, Kingdom of Joseon. She became Queen consort upon her husband's accession to the throne in 1455.
1432The first battle between the forces of Svitrigaila and Sigismund Kestutaitis is fought near the town of Oszmiana (Ashmyany), launching the most active phase of the Lithuanian Civil War.
1542Mary, Queen of Scots, is born Mary Stuart at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland. The only surviving legitimate child of James V of Scotland, she was six days old when her father died and she acceded to the throne.
1560The city of Guarulhos, Brazil, is founded.
1574Maria Anna of Bavaria is born in Munich, Germany.
1596Luis de Carabajal the younger, one of the first Jewish authors in the Americas, dies in an auto-da-fé during the Spanish Inquisition in Mexico City, Mexico. Auto-da-fé was the ritual of public penance of condemned heretics and apostates that took place when the Spanish Inquisition, Portuguese Inquisition, or the Mexican Inquisition had decided their punishment. The most extreme punishment imposed on those convicted was execution by burning. In popular usage, the term auto-da-fé, the act of public penance, came to mean the burning at the stake that was held on a separate day.
1659The Mexican border town, Ciudad Juárez, is founded by Fray García de San Francisco.
1660A woman (either Margaret Hughes or Anne Marshall) appears on an English public stage for the first time, in the role of Desdemona in a production of Shakespeare's play Othello.
1699Maria Josepha of Austria is born Maria Josepha Benedikta Antonia Theresia Xaveria Philippine at Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria.
1708Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, is born Francis Stephen at Ducal Palace of Nancy, Lorraine (present-day France), Holy Roman Empire. With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine Dynasty. Maria Theresa and Francis I had 16 children, their youngest daughter being the future queen consort of France, Marie Antoinette.
1714The Ottoman Empire declares war on Venice.
1722Princess Palatine Elizabeth Charlotte dies at Château de Saint-Cloud, Paris, France, at age 70. Her vast, frank correspondence provides a detailed account of the personalities and activities at the court of her brother-in-law, Louis XIV, for 50 years from the date of her marriage in 1672.
1744Marie Anne de Mailly, mistress of Louis XV of France, dies unexpectedly at age 27. She was the youngest of the five famous de Nesle sisters, four of whom would become the mistress of the King.
1756Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria is born at Hofburg Imperial Palace, Vienna, Lower Austria, Holy Roman Empire. His sister was Marie Antoinette.
1765Engineer, Eli Whitney, is born in Westborough, Massachusetts, British America. He invented the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the Antebellum South. Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop.
1793Madame du Barry, French mistress of Louis XV of France, dies of execution by guillotine on the Place de la Révolution (present-day Place de la Concorde) in Paris, France, at age 50. Her last words to the executioner were, "One more moment, Mr. Executioner, I beg you!" She inspired a wax figure at Madame Tussaud's in London, England, called The Sleeping Beauty, which is the oldest existing figure on display.
1811Actress, Elizabeth Arnold Poe, dies of tuberculosis in Richmond, Virginia, at age 24. Her two-year-old son, Edgar, is sent to live with John and Frances Allan, whose last name he will take for his middle name (Edgar Allan Poe).
1813The premiere of Beethoven's Seventh Symphony takes place in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven, himself, conducting.
1817Politician, Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, is born in Frijsenborg, Jutland, Denmark. He was the 10th Prime Minister of Denmark. Being the wealthiest large squire of Denmark and personally honored by his peasants, Frijs played a role in politics from the 1850s.
1818Charles III, Prince of Monaco, is born Charles Honoré Grimaldi in Paris, France. He was the founder of the famous casino in Monte Carlo, as his title in Monegasque and Italian was Carlo III.
1854In his Apostolic constitution, Ineffabilis Deus, Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogmatic definition of Immaculate Conception, which holds that the Virgin Mary was conceived free of original sin.
1861Automaker, William C. Durant, is born William Crapo Durant in Boston, Massachusetts. He was a leading pioneer of the American automobile industry, creating the system of multi-brand holding companies with different lines of cars. He was co-founder of General Motors with Frederic L. Smith, and co-founder of Chevrolet with Louis Chevrolet. He also founded Frigidaire.
1864Pope Pius IX promulgates the encylical Quanta cura and its appendix, the Syllabus of Errors, outlining the authority of the Catholic Church and condemning various liberal ideas.
1864Illustrator and sculptor, Camille Claudel, is born in Fère-en-Tardenois, Aisne, France. In 1905, Claudel appeared to be mentally ill: she exhibited signs of paranoia and was diagnosed as having schizophrenia. Although she destroyed much of her art work, about 90 statues, sketches, and drawings have survived. She was the elder sister of the poet and diplomat, Paul Claudel.
1865Pianist and composer, Jean Sibelius, is born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius in Hämeenlinna in the Grand Duchy of Finland. Widely recognized as his country's national composer, Sibelius is often credited for supporting the rise of the Finnish national identity in the country's struggle for independence. The core of his oeuvre is his set of seven symphonies, which like his other major works, continue to be performed and recorded in his home country and around the world.
1885Businessman and philanthropist, William Henry Vanderbilt, dies in New York, New York, at age 64. He was the eldest son of Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt and a prominent member of the Vanderbilt family.
1886Painter and educator, Diego Rivera, is born Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez in Guanajuato, Mexico. His large wall works in fresco helped establish the Mexican Mural Movement in Mexican art. In 1931, a retrospective exhibition of his works was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. He was married to artist, Frida Kahlo.
1894Cartoonist, E.C. Segar, is born Elzie Crisler Segar in Chester, Illinois. He created the Popeye comic strip. Segar is widely regarded as one of the most influential and talented cartoonists of all time, among the first to combine humor with long-running adventures.
1894Author and illustrator, James (Grover) Thurber, is born in Columbus, Ohio. Thurber was best known for his cartoons and short stories, published mainly in The New Yorker magazine and collected in his numerous books.
1907Oscar II of Sweden dies at Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden, at age 78. King Gustaf V of Sweden ascends to the throne.
1911Actor, Lee J. Cobb, is born Leo Jacoby in the Bronx, New York. He appeared in the films Golden Boy, The Song of Bernadette, Anna and the King of Siam, Call Northside 777, On the Waterfront, The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit, 12 Angry Men, The Three Faces of Eve, The Brothers Karamazov, Exodus, and How the West Was Won.
1912Leaders of the German Empire hold an Imperial War Council to discuss the possibility that war might break out.
1914During World War I, a squadron of Britain's Royal Navy defeats the Imperial German East Asia Squadron in the Battle of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.
1922Northern Ireland ceases to be part of the Irish Free State.
1925Singer, dancer, and actor, Sammy Davis, Jr., is born Samuel George Davis Jr. in Harlem, New York. At the age of three, Davis began his career in Vaudeville with his father and Will Mastin as the Will Mastin Trio, which toured nationally. Davis became an overnight sensation following a nightclub performance at Ciro's (in West Hollywood, California) after the 1951 Academy Awards. His hits include Somethings Gotta Give, Love Me or Leave Me, That Old Black Magic, What Kind of Fool Am I, As Long as She Needs Me, The Birth of the Blues, Ive Gotta Be Me, and The Candy Man. He appeared in the films Rufus Jones for President, Anna Lucasta, Porgy and Bess, Oceans 11, Pepe, Sergeants 3, Robin and the 7 Hoods, A Man Called Adam, Salt and Pepper, Sweet Charity, Broadway Danny Rose, and Tap. He was married to actress, May Britt, and dancer, Altovise Gore.
1925Keyboard player, Jimmy Smith, is born James E. Smith in Norristown, Pennsylvania. Smith helped popularize the Hammond B-3 electric organ, creating an indelible link between 1960s soul and jazz improvisation. His albums include The Sermon!, House Party, Home Cookin', Midnight Special, Back at the Chicken Shack, and Prayer Meetin'.
1927The Brookings Institution, one of the United States' oldest think tanks, is founded through the merger of three organizations that had been created by philanthropist, Robert S. Brookings.
1930Actor, Maximilian Schell, is born in Vienna, Austria. He appeared in the films The Young Lions, Hamlet, Judgment at Nuremberg, Five Finger Exercise, Topkapi, Return from the Ashes, The Desperate Ones, The Odessa File, Julia, The Black Hole, and The Chosen. His elder sister, Maria Schell, was also a noted Hollywood actress, about whom he produced the documentary, My Sister Maria, in 2002.
1931Coaxial cable is patented.
1933Comedian, Flip Wilson, is born Clerow Wilson, Jr. in Jersey City, New Jersey. In the early 1970s, Wilson hosted his own weekly variety series The Flip Wilson Show. He is best known for his character of Geraldine Jones.
1936Actor, David Carradine, is born John Arthur Carradine in Hollywood, California. He is best known for his starring role in the TV series Kung Fu. He appeared in the films The Violent Ones, Young Billy Young, Maybe Ill Come Home in the Spring, Boxcar Bertha, Death Race 2000, Bound for Glory, Gray Lady Down, The Long Riders, Q, Lone Wolf McQuade, Bird on a Wire, Roadside Prophets, Kill Bill: Volumes 1 & 2, and Brothers in Arms. His father is actor, John Carradine. His brothers are actors Keith Carradine and Robert Carradine. His niece is actress, Martha Plimpton.
1937Actor, James (Gordon) MacArthur, is born in Los Angeles, California. He is best known for his co-starring role in the TV series Hawaii Five-O. He appeared in the films The Young Stranger, Swiss Family Robinson, The Interns, Spencers Mountain, The Truth About Sping, The Bedford Incident, The Love-Ins, The Angry Breed, and Hang Em High. His mother was actress, Helen Hayes. He was married to actresses, Joyce Bulifant and Melody Anderson.
1939Singer, Jerry Butler, is born in Sunflower, Mississippi. He was the original lead singer of the R&B vocal group the Impressions, who had a hit with For Your Precious Love. His biggest hit as a solo artist was Make It Easy on Yourself.
1939Musician, James Galway, is born in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Following in the footsteps of Jean-Pierre Rampal, he became one of the first flute players to establish an international career as a soloist.
1941The United States and Great Britain declare war on Japan. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares it to be "a date which will live in infamy."
1941Japanese forces simultaneously invade Shanghai International Settlement, Malaya, Thailand, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and the Dutch East Indies.
1941Bobby Elliott, drummer for The Hollies, is born Robert Hartley Elliott in Burnley, Lancashire, England.
1943Rock singer, Jim Morrison, is born James Douglas Morrison, in Melbourne, Florida. He was a songwriter, poet, and filmmaker, but he is best know as the lead singer of The Doors. Due to his baritone voice, wild personality, and performances, he is regarded by critics and fans as one of the most iconic and influential frontmen in rock music history.
1946Actor, John (Arthur) Rubinstein, is born in Los Angeles, California. He was seen in dozens of TV shows, including Room 222, The Mod Squad, Police Woman, Family, Frasier, 24, Numb3rs, and Desperate Housewives. He appeareed in the films The Trouble with Girls, Getting Straight, Zachariah, The Boys from Brazil, Daniel, Someone to Watch Over Me, Another Stakeout, and 21 Grams. His father was concert pianist, Arthur Rubinstein.
1947Gregg Allman, of The Allman Brothers Band, is born Gregory LeNoir Allman in Nashville, Tennessee. The Allman Brothers Band began to reach mainstream success by the early 1970s, with their live album At Fillmore East representing a commercial and artistic breakthrough. Among the bands biggest hits is Whipping Post and Ramblin Man. His brother was musician, Duane Allman. He was married to singer, Cher.
1949The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East is established to provide aid to Palestinian refugees who left their homes during the 1948 Palestinian exodus.
1950Makeup artist, Rick Baker, is born Richard A. Baker in Binghamton, New York. He is a special make-up effects creator known for his creature effects. His work in films includes The Thing with Two Heads, The Exorcist, King Kong, Star Wars, An American Werewolf in London, The Howling, Harry and the Hendersons, Ed Wood, Men in Black, and Tron: Legacy.
1950Dan Hartman, of The Edgar Winter Group, is born Daniel Earl Hartman in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. He wrote one their biggest hits, Free Ride.
1952Charles Lightoller, Second Officer on the RMS Titanic, dies of chronic heart disease in Richmond, London, England, at age 78. He was the most senior officer to survive the Titanic disaster.
1953President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers his "Atoms for Peace" speech, which leads to an American program to supply equipment and information on nuclear power to schools, hospitals, and research institutions around the world.
1953Actress, Kim Basinger, is born Kimila Ann Basinger in Athens, Georgia. She appeared in the films Hard Country, Mother Lode, Never Say Never Again, The Natural, Fool for Love, Nine 1/2 Weeks, No Mercy, Blind Date, Nadine, Batman, Final Analysis, The Getaway, and L.A. Confidential. She was married to actor, Alec Baldwin.
1953Sportscaster and journalist, Roy Firestone, is born in Miami Beach, Florida. From 1980 to 1994, he was the host of ESPN's interview program SportsLook, later renamed Up Close. He also served as a commentator for the network's first season of Sunday Night Football telecasts in 1987.
1953Comedian, Sam Kinison, is born Samuel Burl Kinison in Yakima, Washington. He was known for his intense, harsh and politically incorrect humor. A former Pentecostal preacher, he performed stand-up routines that were most often characterized by an intense style, similar to enthusiastic preachers, punctuated by his trademark scream.
1955The Flag of Europe is adopted by the Council of Europe.
1956Warren (Bruce) Cuccurullo, of Duran Duran, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He worked with Frank Zappa during the 1970s.
1956(David) Andrew Edge, drummer for the Thompson Twins, is born in Swarcliffe, Leeds, England.
1956Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein dies in Berkeley Square, London, England, at age 84. She was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
1957Phil Collen, of Def Leppard, is born Philip Kenneth Collen in Hackney, London, England.
1960Gregg Allman receives a guitar for his 13th birthday, and he and his older brother, Duane, learn to play the instrument. They form their first band, The Kings, a year later. In 1969, the two start up the Allman Brothers Band.
1961The Beach Boys debut single, Surfin, is released on Candis Records.
1961Ann (Hart) Coulter, lawyer, journalist, and author, is born in New York, New York. She frequently appears on television, radio, and as a speaker at public and private events. Coulter is the author of 10 books, many of which have appeared on The New York Times Best Seller list, with a combined three million copies sold as of May 2009.
1962Workers at four New York City newspapers go on strike for 114 days.
1963Frank Sinatra, Jr. is kidnapped in Lake Tahoe, Nevada. He was set free three days later after his father paid a $240,000 ransom with no questions asked. Three men were eventually caught, convicted, and imprisoned for the crime.
1963Pan Am Flight 214, a Boeing 707, is struck by lightning and crashes near Elkton, Maryland, killing all 81 people on board.
1963Politician, Sarit Thanarat, dies of liver failure in Bangkok, Thailand, at age 55. He was the 11th Prime Minister of Thailand. Thanarat was a Thai career soldier who staged a coup in 1957, thereafter serving as Thailand's Prime Minister.
1964Actress, Teri (Lynn) Hatcher, is born in Palo Alto, California. She has appeared primarily on television, including the shows The Love Boat, MacGyver, Night Court, Quantum Leap, Lois & Ckark: The New Adventures of Superman, Seinfeld, Frasier, and Desperate Housewives.
1966The Greek ship, SS Heraklion, sinks in a storm in the Aegean Sea, killing over 200 people.
1966The United States and the Soviet Union sign a ban on nuclear weapons testing in the Outer Space Treaty.
1966Singer, Sinéad O'Connor, is born Sinéad Marie Bernadette OConnor in Glenageary, County Dublin, Ireland. Her biggest hit was Nothing Compares 2 U, written by Prince.
1967The Beatles double EP, Magical Mystery Tour, is released in the U.K. This was never released in America: instead, an album titled Magical Mystery Tour was released in the U.S.
1968The London Sunday Express reports that Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, of The Rolling Stones, are planning an expedition to Rio de Janeiro to see a magician. Keith Richards says, We have become very interested in magic and we are very serious about this trip. We are hoping to see this magician practice both white and black magic. He has a long and difficult name which we cannot pronounce. We just call him Banana for short.
1969Testifying at his trial in the Toronto Supreme Court for possession of hashish and heroin, Jimi Hendrix claims that he had now outgrown drugs. The jury finds him not guilty after eight hours of deliberations.
1969An Olympic Airways Douglas DC-6 strikes a mountain outside of Keratea, Greece, killing 90 people.
1970Jim Morrison celebrates his 27th birthday with a poetry recording session at Village Recorders in West Los Angeles, California. This session is commonly referred to as the An American Prayer session. Portions of this session appear in Frank Lisciandro's compilations of Jim's poetry Wilderness and The American Night. In 1978, the An American Prayer album includes a mixture of recordings from this and Jim's other studio poetry reading from March 1969.
1970John Lennon gives an extensive interview to Rolling Stone magazine, the interview to be published in two parts, on January 21, 1971, (under the title The Working Class Hero), and on February 4, 1971, (under the title Life With the Lions). The complete interview will also be published in book form under the title Lennon Remembers. In the lengthy interview, Lennon makes a determined effort to explode The Beatles myth once and for all.
1971In the Indo-Pakistani War, the Indian Navy launches an attack on West Pakistan's port city of Karachi.
1972United Airlines Flight 553, a Boeing 737, crashes after aborting its landing attempt at Chicago Midway International Airport, killing 45 people. The crash is the first ever loss of a Boeing 737.
1974A plebiscite results in the abolition of monarchy in Greece.
1975Gary Thain, of Uriah Heep, dies of respiratory failure due to a heroin overdose at his flat in Norwood Green, London, England, at age 27.
1978Educator and politician, Golda Meir, dies of lymphatic cancer in Jerusalem, Israel, at age 80. She was the fourth Prime Minister of Israel. Israel's first woman (and the world's fourth woman) to hold such an office, she has been described as the "Iron Lady" of Israeli politics. She was often portrayed as the "strong-willed, straight-talking, grey-bunned grandmother of the Jewish people."
1980Rolling Stone photographer, Annie Liebovitz, takes photos of John Lennon and Yoko Ono at their home in the Dakota, including the nude shot of John with Yoko, that appears on the cover of the January 22, 1981 issue. Later, they are interviewed by RKO Radio, and that evening, John and Yoko are in the recording studio, mixing Yokos recording of Walking on Thin Ice.
1980John Lennon is shot to death outside his home, the Dakota, in New York City, New York, at age 40. He is shot in his chest, back, and left arm, and is pronounced dead 30 minutes later at 11:07 p.m. The killer is Mark David Chapman: earlier in the day, Lennon had autographed a copy of his Double Fantasy album for Chapman outside the Dakota. Lennon was returning to his apartment building from a recording session, with his wife, Yoko Ono. As a member of The Beatles, Lennon was one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, and beyond.
1982Singer, Marty Robbins, dies from complications following cardiac surgery in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 57. His hits include A White Sport Coat and a Pink Carnation, El Paso, and Dont Worry.
1983Actor, Slim Pickens, dies of a brain tumor in Modesto, California, at age 64. He appeared in the films The Story of Will Rogers, One-Eyed Jacks, Dr. Strangelove, Major Dundee, In Harms Way, Stagecoach, Rough Night in Jericho, Will Penny, The Getaway, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, Blazing Saddles, Rancho Deluxe, White Line Fever, Tom Horn, and Honeysuckle Rose.
1985The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union in South Asia, is established.
1987The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty is signed.
1987An Israeli army tank transporter kills four Palestinian refugees and injures seven others during a traffic accident at the Erez Crossing on the Israel-Gaza Strip border.
1987Frank Vitkovic shoots and kills eight people at the Australia Post building in Melbourne, before jumping to his death.
1988A United States Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II crashes into an apartment complex in Remscheid, Germany, killing five people and injuring 50 others.
1991The leaders of Russia, Belarus, and the Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States.
1991The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum.
1995On the 15th anniversary of his death, John Lennon is remembered with the release of eight postage stamps, from eight different nations: Antigua, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Guyana, Maldives, Mali, Nicaragua, and Palau. The stamps are premiered during a private ceremony held at the Hard Rock Cafe on 57th Street in New York City. Attending are several of Lennons contemporaries: Dion, Billy J. Kramer, Peter Noone, Sid Bernstein, and David Peel. In close coordination with Yoko Ono, the Inter-Governmental Philatelic Corporation coordinated the design and release of the stamps.
1995The Grateful Dead announce they are disbanding in the wake of Jerry Garcia's death the previous August. Their statement reads, "After four months of heartfelt consideration, the remaining members of the band met yesterday and came to the conclusion that the 'long strange trip' of the uniquely wonderful beast known as The Grateful Dead is over."
1998Eighty-one people are killed by armed groups in Algeria.
2000On his website, Julian Lennon does his best to remember the father who was never there for him. I had a great deal of anger towards Dad because of his negligence and his attitude to peace and love, he posts. That peace and love never came home to me.
2000New York Mayor, Rudolph Giuliani, refuses to extend the 1:00 a.m. curfew in New York Citys Central Park to accommodate a memorial vigil by John Lennons fans. Twenty vigil-keepers are arrested for allegedly possessing marijuana.
2000In Cuba, Fidel Castro unveils a statue in honor of John Lennon at Havanas El Vedado Park.
2004The Cusco Declaration is signed in Cusco, Peru, establishing the South American Community of Nations.
2008Actor, Robert Prosky, dies from complications following a heart procedure in Washington, D.C., at age 77. He appeared in the films Thief, Hanky Panky, The Lords of Discipline, The Natural, Big Shots, Broadcast News, Things Change, Green Card, Far and Away, Mrs. Doubtfire, Dead Man Walking, Mad City, and Death to Smoochy.
2009Bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kill 127 people and injure 448 others.
2010With the second launch of the SpaceX Falcon 9 and the first launch of the SpaceX Dragon, SpaceX becomes the first private company to successfully launch, orbit, and recover a spacecraft.
2010The Japanese solar-sail spacecraft, IKAROS, passes the planet Venus.
2011Head of the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces in Egypt, Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, issues a decree to form an advisory council tasked with helping the Supreme Council and to give advice in the interim period and until the completion of the transfer of power to a civilian government and elected president.
2013Riots break out in Singapore after a fatal accident in Little India.
2015Several Taliban insurgents storm into Kandahar International Airport and engage Afghan security forces in a firefight.
2015New research by a team of British archaeologists, published in the current issue of the journal, Antiquity, revives an older theory of Herbert Henry Thomas that Stonehenge may have stood in Wales hundreds of years before it was dismantled and transported to Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, South West England.
2015U.S. airplane manufacturer, Boeing, unveils the first Boeing 737 MAX airplane at its factory in Renton, Washington.
2015The United States Food and Drug Administration approves marketing of a cooling cap system to reduce hair loss in female breast cancer patients during chemotherapy. The DigniCap scalp cooling system, a product first available in Sweden in the 1990s, produces near-freezing temperatures that make it harder for cancer-fighting drugs to reach and harm hair follicles.
2016The Australian Associated Press reports that Bill English has secured the support of a majority of members of the New Zealand National Party, and will succeed John Key as the Prime Minister of New Zealand.
2016Astronaut and politician, John Glenn, die in Columbus, Ohio, at age 95. He was an aviator, engineer, and U.S. Senator from Ohio. He was one of the "Mercury Seven" group of military test pilots selected by NASA in 1959, to become America's first astronauts and fly the Project Mercury spacecraft. On February 20, 1962, Glenn flew the Friendship 7 mission and became the first American to orbit the Earth.
2017The Palm Springs City Council in Palm Springs, California, becomes the first ever all LGBT (Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transsexual/Transgender) City Council in the United States.
2017The European Union and the United Kingdom reach an agreement on the first stage of Brexit, including the status of the border between the U.K. and Ireland.
2017Rebels in North Kivu kill at least 14 United Nations peacekeepers and wound 53 others, most of them Tanzanian and Congolese. An unknown number of the rebels are also killed.
2017Three people are killed in a rampage involving swords near the Tomioka Hachiman Shrine in Japan.
PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Horace; Ciudad Juárez, Mexico; Marie Anne de Mailly; Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs; Jean Sibelius; James Thurber; Sammy Davis, Jr.; Maximilian Schell; James MacArthur; Jim Morrison; Rick Baker; Sam Kinison; Ann Coulter; Sinéad O'Connor; An American Prayer by Jim Morrison; John Lennon and Yoko Ono; Slim Pickens; stamps picturing John Lennon issued by the Maldives in 1992; Robert Prosky; and John Glenn.
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